# ZOJ 3872 Beauty of Array （技巧）

### Description

Edward has an array A with N integers. He defines the beauty of an array as the summation of all distinct integers in the array. Now Edward wants to know the summation of the beauty of all contiguous subarray of the array A.

### Input

There are multiple test cases. The first line of input contains an integer T indicating the number of test cases. For each test case:

The first line contains an integer N (1 <= N <= 100000), which indicates the size of the array. The next line contains N positive integers separated by spaces. Every integer is no larger than 1000000.

### Output

For each case, print the answer in one line.

### Sample Input

3
5
1 2 3 4 5
3
2 3 3
4
2 3 3 2

### Sample Output

105
21
38

### 思路

1. 以第一个 2 结尾的子串有一个，当前贡献为 1*2=2
2. 以第一个 3 结尾的子串有两个，当前贡献为 2+2*3=8
3. 以第二个 3 结尾的子串有三个，因为 3 已经在第二个位置出现过，因此对于包含前一个 3 的所有子串的贡献都已经计算过了，当前贡献为 8+(3-2)*3=11
4. 以第二个 2 结尾的子串有四个，因为 2 已经在第一个位置出现过，因此对于包含前一个 2 的所有子串的贡献也计算过了，当前贡献为 11+(4-1)*2=17

### AC 代码

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cmath>
#include<map>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
#include<set>
using namespace std;
#define eps (1e-7)
typedef long long LL;

LL mapp[1100000],ans,sum;
int a[110000];
int main()
{
int T;
scanf("%d",&T);
while(T--)
{
int n;
scanf("%d",&n);
sum=0;
memset(mapp,-1,sizeof(mapp));
for(int i=0; i<n; i++)
{
scanf("%d",a+i);
if(i==0)ans=a[i];
else ans+=(i-mapp[a[i]])*a[i];
mapp[a[i]]=i;
sum += ans;
}
printf("%lld\n",sum);
}
return 0;
}